Study-English.info - cайт для изучающих английский язык, студентов, преподавателей вузов и переводчиков

Главная страница сайта Study-English.info Английская грамматика Английская лексика по темам Песни на английском языке с текстами Материалы для переводчиков Устные темы и тексты для перевода Интернет-ресурсы для изучающих английский язык

The Kings and Queens of England from 1066 to the present day
(Короли и королевы Англии с 1066 г. по настоящее время)






Until 1603 the English and Scottish Crowns were separate.


The Normans


King William I, the Conqueror 1066 - 1087


Invaded England from Normandy. Defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. In 1085 the Doomsday Survey was begun and all England was recorded so William knew exactly what his new kingdom contained. The Doomsday Book was, in effect, the first national census.


King William II, Rufus1087 - 1100


Was killed in the New Forest by a stray arrow while out hunting, maybe accidentally, there is some doubt about this. The Rufus Stone in The New Forest marks the spot where he fell.


King Henry I 1100 - 1135


The fourth son of William I. Henry's two sons were drowned so his daughter Matilda was made his successor. When Henry died the Council considered a woman unfit to rule so offered the throne to STEPHEN, a grandson of William I.


King Stephen 1135 - 1154


Uncle of Henry I. Civil war followed between King Stephen and Matilda, Henry I's daughter. A compromise was decided, Matilda's son was to be king when Stephen died.


Angevins


King Henry II 1154 - 1189


Ruled most of England and France with his fiery temper. Henry is mostly remembered for his quarrel with Thomas A Becket, and Becket's subsequent murder in Canterbury Cathedral on 29th December 1170.


King Richard I the Lionheart 1189 - 1199


Was in England for only four months spending the other time fighting in the Crusades. Known as 'Lionheart'


King John 1 1199 - 1216


Fourth child of Henry II. Responsible for the Magna Charta (Great Charter) giving justice to all.


The Plantagenets


King Henry III 1216 - 1272


Henry was 9 years old when he became king. In 1264 Henry was captured during a civil war and was forced to set up a 'Parlement' ((from the French "parler", to talk) at Westminster, the start of the House of Commons. He built Westminster Abbey.


King Edward I 1272 - 1307


Fought wars against the Scots King Robert the Bruce and was called 'the hammer of the Scots'. Edward formed the Model Parliament in 1295, bringing together the knights, clergy, nobility and burgesses of the cities, bringing Lords and Commons together for the first time.


King Edward II 1307 - 1327


His wife raised an army to take over the Kingdom. He was murdered in gaol.


King Edward III 1327 - 1377


Fought many battles against the Scots and the French. Set up the Order of the Garter. The outbreak of bubonic plague, the 'Black Death' in 1348-1350 killed half the population of England.


Richard II 1377 - 1399


Ruled at the time of Chaucer the poet. His cousin Henry IV had him murdered in prison to take over the throne.


The House of Lancaster


Henry IV 1399 - 1413


Henry, the first Lancastrian king, died of leprosy in 1413.


Henry V 1413 - 1422


Fought the French in the battle of Agincourt and won.


Henry VI 1422 - 1461, 1470 - 1471


Very ill during his reign. The war of the roses began between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.


The House of York


King Edward IV 1461 -1470, 1471 - 1483


Won the wars of the roses. Tried to bring peace to the country. During his reign the first printing press was established in Westminster by William Caxton.


King Edward V 1483 - 1483


Reigned for only two months. Elder son of EDWARD IV. He and his brother Richard were murdered in the Tower of London. Only about 12 years old when he died.


King Richard III 1483 - 1485 End of the Wars of the Roses


Killed in battle against Henry Tudor.


The Tudors


King Henry VII 1485 - 1509


Kept England peaceful and brought riches to the crown and country.


King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547


The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives! married (1) Catherine of Aragon married (2) Anne Boleyn married (3) Jane Seymour married (4) Anne of Cleves married (5) Catherine Howard married (6) Catherine Parr. Argued with the Pope and made himself the head of the new 'Church of England'. Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived".


King Edward VI 1547 - 1553


Was never a healthy King and died aged only 15 years.


After Edward's death there was a dispute over the succession. As Mary was Catholic, LADY JANE GREY was named as the next in line to the throne. She was proclaimed Queen but Mary entered London with her supporters and Jane was taken to the Tower. She reigned for only 9 days. She was executed in 1554, aged 17.


Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary) 1553 - 1558


Married Philip II of Spain. Wanted to make England Catholic again. Killed many who opposed her which is why she is remembered as Bloody Mary.


Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603


During her reign great adventurers discovered many new lands. Fought off the Spanish Armada.


The Stuarts


The Stuarts were the first kings of the United Kingdom.


James I 1603 - 1625


married Anne of Denmark. United the Crowns of Scotland and England.


In 1605 the Gunpowder Plot was hatched: Guy Fawkes and his friends, Catholics, tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, but were captured before they could do so.


Charles I 1625 - 1649


married Henrietta Maria of France. Son of James 1. Fought against the Parliament leading to civil war. Was executed as a result.


No Monarch for 11 years during the Commonwealth


The Commonwealth - declared May 19th 1649 Oliver Cromwell (1649-58) Richard Cromwell (1658-59)


The Stuarts line Restored (The Restoration)


Charles II 1660 - 1685


Returned from exile to rule the country. Son of Charles I. Saw London recover from the Plague (1665) and Great Fire (1666). Many new buildings were built at this time. St. Paul's Cathedral was built by Sir Christopher Wren and also many churches still to be seen today.


James II 1685 - 1688


Brother of Charles II. Tried to force people to follow his Roman Catholic faith. He was very unpopular because of his persecution of the Protestants, and he was hated by the people. Forced to give up the crown. Parliament asked William of Orange to take the throne.


William II 1688 - 1702 and Queen Mary II 1688 - 1694


Daughter of James II and her Dutch husband were invited to be King and Queen following James abdication.


Queen Anne 1702 - 1714


married George of Denmark. Sister of Mary II, the second daughter of James II.


After Anne's death the succession went to the nearest Protestant relative of the Stuart line. This was SOPHIA, daughter of Elizabeth of Bohemia, JAMES I 's only daughter.


The House of Hanover


King George I 1714 - 1727


Son of Sophia. George never learned English so the conduct of national policy was left to the government of the time. Sir Robert Walpole became England's first Prime Minister.


King George II 1727 - 1760


Prefered Germany to England, but learned to speak English, unlike his father.


King George III 1760 - 1820


He was a grandson of George II. Ruled for 50 years and fathered 15 children. Australia was colonised. His reign was the age of some of the greatest names in English literature - Jane Austen, Byron, Shelley, Keats and Wordsworth. It was also the time of great statesmen like Pitt and Fox and great captains like Wellington and Nelson. in 1773 the 'Boston Tea Party' was the first sign of the troubles that were to come in America. The American Colonies proclaimed their independence on July 4th 1776.


King George IV 1820 - 1830


Became Prince Regent while his father was very ill. Built Brighton Pavillion.


King William IV 1830 - 1837


Became known as the "Sailor King" after joining the navy from just 13 years old. He was the third son of George III. During his reign England abolished slavery in the colonies in 1833.


Queen Victoria 1837 - 1901


married Albert of Saxe - Coburg Gotha. Ruled during the industrial revolution. The British Empire became powerful, rich and confident. When Victoria died in 1901, after the longest reign in English history, the British Empire and British world power had reached their highest point. She had six children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe.


The House of Saxe - Coburg Gotha


The name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha came to the British Royal Family in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert, son of Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. Queen Victoria herself remained a member of the House of Hanover.


King Edward VII 1901 - 1910


married Alexandra of Denmark. Kept Europe at peace during his life. He enjoyed fine food and horse racing.


The House of Windsor - Name changed in 1917


The name Windsor was adopted as the British Royal Family's official name by a proclamation of King George V, replacing the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.


King George V 1910 – 1936


Ruled Britain during World War One. During his reign women were allowed to vote for the first time.


King Edward VIII June 1936 - abdicated December 1936


Abdicated to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson, as he was not able to marry a divorced woman and become King. Mrs. Simpson was an American, a divorcee and had two husbands still living.


King George VI 1936 - 1952


The shy brother of Edward VIII. He didn't expect to become King. Ruled during World War Two and refused to leave London during the blitz. The two Princesses, Elizabeth and Margaret, spent the war years at Windsor Castle. The post-war years of his reign were ones of great social change and saw the start of the National Health Service. The whole country flocked to the Festival of Britain held in London in 1951


Queen Elizabeth II 1952 - present day


married Philip Mountabatten. Our present day Queen celebrates 50 years of her reign this year (2002). She witnessed the great fire at Windsor Castle in 1992.


Источник: http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/kings.htm




ПОКАЗАТЬ / СКРЫТЬ ССЫЛКИ ПО ТЕМЕ

Устные темы и тексты
для перевода

  • Как выучить топик по английскому языку
  • 2016 State Duma Elections
  • About the Bologna Process
  • American Dream
  • American Education System
  • American State Power System
  • Are You a Good Conversationalist?
  • Brain Drain
  • Brief History of Great Britain
  • British Culture
  • British Meals
  • British National Identity
  • British Traditions and Customs
  • Common Superstitions
  • Cross-Cultural Perception of the World
  • Did Man Really Set Foot on the Moon?
  • Directing a Hollywood Film
  • Earthquake
  • Economy of Great Britain
  • Elections in Great Britain
  • Elizabeth II
  • End of the US Colonial Era
  • English as a Global Language
  • Funny and Wise Proverbs
  • Funny Foreign English
  • Funny Riddles
  • Globalization
  • Ghost
  • Golden Rules of Conversation
  • Great Britain and Russia
  • Help! I Have to Make an Oral Presentation!
  • Higher Education in Great Britain
  • Holidays in the United States
  • How to Prepare for Exams
  • How to Think?
  • Innovation
  • International Law
  • Kings and Queens of England
  • London
  • Most Shocking Doping Scandals In Sports Before 2016
  • The Pokemon Go Menace
  • Public Education In Russia
  • Reading to Understand a Text
  • Republic of Mordovia
  • Russian Federation
  • The Selfish Giant (by Oscar Wilde)
  • Social and Business Visits in the USA
  • Social Inequality
  • Sources of the US Law
  • Terrorism
  • Travel Advice Information
  • UFO
  • United Nations
  • United States of America
  • Valentine's Day
  • What Is Fashion?
  • Where to Find a Good Job
  • Why Monarchy is a Good Thing?
  • Why Study English
  • Why We Don't Read?
  • Впечатления американца о Великобритании
  • Национальные стереотипы на примере истории о двух коровах
  • 14 составляющих здоровой диеты
  • 2008 Summer Olympic Games








  • | Главная страница | Грамматика | Грамматические упражнения | Сводная таблица видовременных форм глагола | Неправильные глаголы (таблица) | Распространенные лексические ошибки | | Лексика по темам | Песни на английском с субтитрами | Теория перевода | Практика перевода | Топики | Тексты и статьи по политологии | Тексты по психологии | Тексты по социальной работе | Тексты по социологии | Тексты по экономике | Отправляясь в Англию | Фотографии из поездки в Великобританию | Филология | Теория культуры | Учебно-методические материалы и ресурсы | Рекомендуемые интернет-ресурсы |
    Карта сайта © 2010-2016, info@study-english.info Карта сайта